Sunday, July 24, 2011

48

Why, honey is the bee's saliva;

the beetle's saliva is on the flower,

the cows milk itself is mixed with the saliva of the calf!

why should there be so much fuss over it?





36

Milk does not return to the udder, nor butter to the butter-milk;

Nor the life within the sea-shell, if it breaks, to its body;

The blown flower, the fallen fruit, do not return to the tree;

The dead are not born, never, never, never, never!

Sivavakkaiyar, known to laugh at those who bathe for cleanliness' sake and yet are unclean at heart, comments on pollution associated with human saliva. It is considered terribly unclean and forms a core ritual avoidance in brahmanism. Sivavakkiyar refuses to consider saliva unclean in itself in the above excerpt (48) from one of his padal (songs). In the next padal (36), Sivavakkiyar refutes another central tenet of brahmanism, the theory of transmigration.

Source: A history of Tamil literature. C Jesudasan and Hephzibah Jesudasan.

Sivavakkiyar the Siddha poet, belonged to the cult of Tamil Siddhas which dates back to the 8th century. The Siddha teachings are often excluded and made obscure as heresy. These poet saints were radicals.

Because Siddhas scoff at the Vedic sacrifices and rituals and all forms of worship of icons they were considered to be iconoclasts. They are constantly at war with the upholders of the caste system and violently oppose the practice of untouchability. A tamil Siddha scoffs at untouchability by raising a pertinent question whether the bones, flesh and skin of an upper caste woman (brahman) and a lower caste woman (paraiya) are distinguishable on the basis of caste. He asks: are they numbered on the basis of caste?

The above reference is attributed to Sivavakkiyar. His heretical approach of opposing any kind of orthodoxy particularly that of the brahmanical order, caste system and idol worship, ensured the exclusion of his work from the Saiva canonical literature. Some of his poems though have survived.

Source: a) Hindu Spirituality: Postclassical and modern. K.R. Sundarajan, Bithika Mukerji. b) The poets of the powers. Kamil Zvelebil.

source:http://roundtableindia.co.in/lit-blogs/blog/category/tamil/

Sri Sivavakiyar, was born with Lord Shiva's name on his lips. He said that the constant repetition of the Lords name would even turn ones body into gold. A great rennuciate he is said to have lived for over 4,000 years. His works include Naadi Parikshai and Sivavakiyar 1000.

He came to Kasi after learning vedas. There he met a Siddhar/Seer/Saint, who was also a cobbler. Though the Saint/Siddhar could sense the power of Sivavakiyar, he wanted to test him. So he gave Sivavakiyar some money and asked him to give it to his sister, 'River' Ganga. He also gave him a bitter Bottle Gourd and asked him to remove the bitterness from the Bottle Gourd. Sivavakiyar immeditely left for the river bank without any second thoughts on whether the tasks can be completed or not. After he reached the banks, a beautiful hand raised above the water and Sivavakiyar without any second thoughts placed the money on the hand. The hand returned back into the water. He also washed away the bitterness from the bottle gourd and took it back to the Siddhar. The Siddhar was happy to see that Sivavakiyar had passed the test. He wanted to test him once more. So he gave Sivavakiyar a waterbag and instructed Sivavakiyar to call out for Ganga and ask for the money that he had given her earlier. Sivavakiyar at once called out to Ganga asking for the money. Immediately a beautiful hand appeared from the waterbag and gave him back the money. Sivavakiyar, without being perturbed even for a single moment, took the money and gave it to the Siddhar. The Siddhar was realy impressed on Sivavakiyar's ability to focus without being bothered by doubts or anxiety. Then he asks Sivavakiyar to lead a family life till he attains samadhi. He also gives him some sand and a bottle gourd and says that the lady who cooks both the sand and the bottle gourd would be his wife.

After taking leave from the Siddhar, Sivavakiyar continues his pilgrimage. In the midst of his travel, he meets a Nari Kurava (Gypsy) group and they welcome him wholeheartedly. After talking to them for some time, a lady from Nari Kurava gang rushes upto him and says that she will be happy to serve him and that he should not hesitate to ask for her help. Sivavakiyar immediately gives her both the sand and bottle gourd and asks if she could cook both sand and bottle gourd together. The lady without hesitating a moment, takes both and rushes to the kitchen. After some time she comes back with cooked rice (the sand has turned into rice) and bottle gourd curry. Sivavakiyar immeditely realizes that he has met his wife and asks the group if he could marry her. They also agree to the proposal on the condition that he also stays and travels with them. He also agrees and marries his lady. But he also makes sure that he does continues with his spiritual practises.

Siddhar Sivavakiyar continued to stay with the Gypsy group and also diligently learnt their work. Once he went to the forest to get firewood. He chose a tree and started to cut. Suddenly Gold Dust started sprinkling from the tree. After seeing this he started to run shouting that "Lord Yama" (Angel of Death) has arrived. His group asked him what happened and he told them what he saw. Hearing this some 4 people left for the forest with gunny bags to collect Gold Dust. By the time they had filled their bags it started to darken. Since they were hungry, it was decided that two of them would go to the nearest village to get food. Those who went to the village planned to kill their partners who had stayed behind, so they added poison to the food. And the two persons who had stayed behind also plotted against the other two partners who had gone to get food. On their way back to the forest, the two persons who had gone to collect the food were done to death by the other two persons. After killing their partners, they sat down to have their food and in no time they also passed away. Next day Sivavakiyar saw the four bodies and felt sorry that these four people had lost their lives to "Lord Yama" (i.e. the Tree).

Sivavakiyar had a friend with the name Konganar, who was also a great Siddha. Konganar felt very bad that his friend, who is a Master Siddha, was living a life of poverty. So one day, he went Sivavakiyar's home, knowing that Sivavakiyar would not be available. He asked Sivavakiyar's wife to get some Iron and turned the same to Gold and left after handing over the Gold to her. Sivavakiyar's wife narrates the incident to him after his return. Sivavakiyar asks his wife on whether she wants the Gold. His wife replies that his love is all that she wants and not the gold. Then he asks his wife to drop the gold in the well and his wife also obliged wholeheartedly.

One day few devotees of Siva came to Sivavakiyar and asked whether he would teach them to make Gold, so that they could eradicate poverty and this also will help in removing negative Karma. Hearing this Sivavakiyar laughed and asked why Gold is required for removing negative Karma. He also advised them to leave behind all materialistic desires and merge their consciouness with Lord Siva. And added that this is the only way to attain Nirvana.

It is believed that he was an Atheist who later converted to Saivism and then to Veera Vaishnavaism. He attained Siddhi at kumbakonam. Even now pujas are regularly conducted escpecially on Full Moon Day. Those who pray to him are blessed with clear mind without any anxieties or worries about the past or future. One can pray to Sivavakiyar on Mondays, wearing white clothes and with white flowers. This is told as a remedy for those people with Chandra Dhosham.

Below are couple of his famous poems.

Nattakallai Dheivamendru Naalupushpam Saathiyae
Sutrivandhu MonaMonavendru Sollumandhiram Yaedhada
Nattakallum Pesumo Naadhan Ullirukayil
SuttaSatti Sattuvam Karichuvai Ariyumo
A rough translation of the above poem is:
You consider an erected stone as GOD and you adorn it with flowers,
Go around it chanting and muttering some mantras!
Will the erected stone talk when the the Almighty (Lord Shiva) is within you.
Will the utensil realise the taste of its content?".


llaiIllai Illaiyendru Eyambukindra Yezhaikaal
Illaiyendru Nindrathondrai Illaiyennal Aagumo
Illaiyendrum UnduEndrum ErandumOndri Nindradhai
YellaiKandu Kondapaer Inipirapadhu Illayae
A rough translation of the above poem is:
You poor people claim that GOD does not exist, GOD does not exist!
Will it be true that a Being existing as non-existent (not able to see physically) to actually not exist?
Those who realise the bounds of that Being that is existing as non-existent and existent
will never be reborn to undergo the trials and tribulations of birth

source: http://www.sathuragiri.org/siddhars/SiddharSivavakiyar.html

Wednesday, July 13, 2011

SIVA VAKKIYAR Verse/38

Where is the pariah woman?

Where is the high-caste woman?

Are there numbers inscribed on the skin and flesh?

Is the pariah woman’s delight different from that of a the high-caste woman?

Analyse the pariah woman and the high-caste woman in you.

Verse/46

Drawn milk doesn’t return to the breast.

Churned butter doesn’t return to the butter-milk.

The broken conch’s sound and the beings don’t re-enter the body.

The blossomed flower and the fallen half-ripe fruit never return to the tree.

The dead are never born. Never, never, never.

Verse/78

When earthen vessels tumble they keep it in order

When bronze vessels tumble they tend with care.

When our vessel sinks they forsake it because it stinks.

What an inexplicable one is your trick of mingling with the numbers? Oh Lord!

Verse/83

Where are the temples? Where are the holy ponds?

You loathsome people who worship the temples and ponds! Temples and ponds are in one’s mind.

There is neither creation nor destrution.

Never, never, never.

Verse/23

When the boat exists one can run and ride for recreation.

While the boat exists one can determine.

When the boat is smashed, In the incomparbale space

There is no goat, no stick, and there exists none.

Verse/15

There is no sampradhaya sans the seed, either above or below.

In what way can the palace sans the architect take shape?

You ignorant! You sell your mother and turn her a slave!

When there is no emancipation there is no life.

Never, never, never.

Verse/51

As one traps the tiger with a goat Is it fair for you to delude me showing a cow?

Oh! King who killed and skinned the elephant with a stick:

You should reveal me showing the way of emancipation.

All poems are translated by A.Rajaram Brammarajan

source: http://meetchi.wordpress.com/2007/05/29/siddhar-poems-in-english-translation/

Question: Tamilians/hindus ::may i be enlightened with the following siva vaakkiyar, a sidhdhar's peom?

Siva Vaakiyar, one of 18 Sidhars of India, has written poem, which goes like this? "NATTA KALLAI DEIVAMENDRU, NAALU PUTPAM SAATHIYE; SUTRI VANDHU MONEMONAVENDRU SOLLUM MANDHIRAM EADHADAA. NATTA KALLUM PESUMO?NATHAN ULLIRRUKAYIL; SUTTA SATTI SATTUVAM KARICHUVAYA ARIYUMO? Means : A planted stones, even you offer flowers to it alongwith Manta utchaadnaas, cannot speak ; but your innerself, where the Almighty resides can speak of Him volumes. The Stone is like a vessel and spoon, which at any time, does not know the taste of food cooked in/ with them? But you, yourself with your inner heart know about Him more, which you do not realize. As I am poor in my English and for my knowledge on our Philosophy, I may please be ignored for any mistakes. Inspiration for this Question : Jagedish, an unknown personality even to me for further details see the following web site ::- - http:/ / www.kagabujandar.com

where belonged to, nobody knows. Its is generally believed that he is given the name Sivavakkiyar based on the poems that he has left behind. Sivavakkiyar is classified in the category of Siddhars (or Shaivite ascetics) of South India. The period in which he lived is unknown. http:/ / sivavakkiyar.wordpress.com I am asking one more question on Siva Vakkiyar. Please reply that one also. Courtesy : A friend (not in my Contacts) named Jagedish, who is at:: http:/ / in.answers.yahoo.com/ my/ profile
source: http://greatshift2012.com/enlightenment/enlightened_20100706024248AAUFwjT.html